Posted by: paragon | November 5, 2006

WHY YOU NEED AN SSL CERTIFICATE

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Introduction
Recent numbers from the U.S. Department of Commerce show that
online retail is continuing its rapid growth. However, malicious phishing
and pharming schemes and fear of inadequate online security cause
online retailers to lose out on business as potential customers balk
at doing business online, worrying that sensitive data will be abused
or compromised.
For e-businesses, the key is to build trust: Running a successful online
business requires that your customers trust that your business effectively
protects their sensitive information from intrusion and tampering.
Installing an SSL Certificate from Starfield Technologies on your
e-commerce Web site allows you to secure your online business and build
customer confidence by securing all online transactions with up to 256-bit
encryption. An SSL Certificate on your business’ Web site will ensure that
sensitive data is kept safe from prying eyes. With a Starfield Technologies
SSL Certificate, customers can trust your site.
Before issuing a certificate, Starfield Technologies rigorously authenticates
the requestor’s domain control and, in the case of High Assurance SSL
Certificates, the identity and, if applicable, the business records of the
certificate-requesting entity. The authentication process ensures that
customers and business partners can rest assured that a Web site
protected with a Starfield Technologies certificate can be trusted.
A Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate provides the security your
business needs and the protection your customers deserve.
With a Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate, customers will know that
your site is secure.

Why You Need a Starfield
Technologies SSL Certificate
In the rapidly expanding world of electronic commerce, security is
paramount. Despite booming Internet sales, widespread consumer fear
that Internet shopping is not secure still keeps millions of potential
shoppers from buying online. Only if your customers trust that their credit
card numbers and personal information will be kept safe from tampering
can you run a successful online business.
For online retailers, securing their shopping sites is paramount. If
consumers perceive that their credit card information might be
compromised online, they are unlikely to do their shopping on the Internet.
A Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate provides an easy, cost-effective
and secure means to protect customer information and build trust.
An SSL Certificate enables Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption of
your business’ online transactions, allowing you to build an impenetrable
fortress around your customers’ credit card information.
Starfield Technologies SSL certificates bring the highest level of trust to
your online business. A Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate ensures that
all sensitive transactions are kept securely encrypted and safe from prying
eyes, and rigorous authentication guarantees that Starfield Technologies
certificates are issued only to entities whose existence and domains can
be verified.
Starfield Technologies SSL Certificates offer industry-leading
security and versatility:
n Fully validated
n Up to 256-bit encryption
n One-, two- or three-year validity (Turbo SSL Certificates valid up to 10 years)
n 99% percent browser recognition
n Stringent authentication
n Around-the-clock customer support
A Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate helps
you build an impenetrable fortress around your
customers’ credit card information.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 2
What is an SSL Certificate?
An SSL certificate is a digital certificate that authenticates the identity of a
Web site to visiting browsers and encrypts information for the server via
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) technology.
A certificate serves as an electronic “passport” that establishes an online
entity’s credentials when doing business on the Web. When an Internet
user attempts to send confidential information to a Web server, the user’s
browser will access the server’s digital certificate and establish a
secure connection.
Information contained in the certificate includes:
n The certificate holder’s name (individual or company)*
n The certificate’s serial number and expiration date
n Copy of the certificate holder’s public key
n The digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority
To obtain an SSL certificate, one must generate and submit a Certificate
Signing Request (CSR) to a trusted Certification Authority, such as Starfield
Technologies, which will authenticate the requestor’s identity, existence
and domain registration ownership before issuing a certificate.
Public and Private Keys
When you create a CSR, the Web server software with which the request is
being generated, creates two unique cryptographic keys: A public key,
which is used to encrypt messages to your (i.e., the certificate holder’s)
server and is contained in your certificate, and a private key, which is
stored on your local computer and “decrypts” the secure messages so
they can be read by your server. In order to establish an encrypted link
between your Web site and your customer’s Web browser your Web server
will match your issued SSL certificate to your private key. Because only the
Web server has access to its private key, only the server can decrypt
SSL-encrypted data.
*High Assurance Certificates only. Turbo SSL Certificates only contain the domain name
and no information on the individual or company that purchased the certificate.
A certificate serves as an electronic “passport”
that establishes an online entity’s credentials
when doing business on the Web.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 3
Enabling Safe and Convenient
Online Shopping
A Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate secures safe, easy and convenient
Internet shopping. Once an Internet user enters a secure area — by
entering credit card information, e-mail address or other personal data,
for example — the shopping site’s SSL certificate enables the browser
and Web server to build a secure, encrypted connection. The SSL
“handshake” process, which establishes the secure session, takes
place discreetly behind the scenes, ensuring an uninterrupted shopping
experience for the consumer. A “padlock” icon in the browser’s status bar
and the “https://” prefix in the URL are the only visible indications of a
secure session in progress.
By contrast, if a user attempts to submit personal information to an
unsecured Web site (i.e., a site that is not protected with a valid SSL
certificate), the browser’s built-in security mechanism will trigger a warning
to the user, reminding him/her that the site is not secure and that
sensitive data might be intercepted by third parties. Faced with such a
warning, most Internet users likely will look elsewhere to make a purchase.
Up to 256-Bit Encryption
Starfield Technologies SSL certificates support both industry-standard
128-bit (used by all banking infrastructures to safeguard sensitive data)
and high-grade 256-bit SSL encryption to secure online transactions.
The actual encryption strength on a secure connection using a digital
certificate is determined by the level of encryption supported by the user’s
browser and the server that the Web site resides on. For example, the
combination of a Firefox browser and an Apache 2.X Web server enables
up to 256-bit AES encryption with Starfield Technologies certificates.
Encryption strength is measured in key length — number of bits in the key.
To decipher an SSL communication, one needs to generate the correct
decoding key. Mathematically speaking, 2n possible values exist for an
n-bit key. Thus, 40-bit encryption involves 240 possible values. 128- and
256-bit keys involve a staggering 2128 and 2256 possible combinations,
respectively, rendering the encrypted data de facto impervious to intrusion.
Even with a brute-force attack (the process of systematically trying all
possible combinations until the right one is found) cracking a 128- or
256-bit encryption is computationally unfeasible.
A “padlock” icon in the browser’s
status bar indicates that a secure
session is in progress.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 4
Stringent Authentication —
A Matter of Trust
Before Starfield Technologies issues an SSL Certificate, the applicant’s
company or personal information undergoes a rigorous authentication
procedure that serves to pre-empt online theft and to verify the domain
control and, if applicable, the existence and identity of the requesting
entity. Only through thorough validation of submitted data can the online
customer rest assured that online businesses that utilize SSL certificates
from Starfield Technologies indeed are to be trusted.
SSL Certificates are only issued to entities whose domain control and,
depending on certificate type, business credentials and contact
information have been verified. Thus, a Starfield Technologies SSL
certificate guarantees that the entity that owns the certificate is who
it claims to be and has a legal right to use the domain from which
it operates.
Starfield Technologies issues three types of SSL Certificates, each of
which relies on authentication of a number of elements:
High Assurance Certificate — Corporate:
Starfield Technologies will authenticate that:
n The certificate is being issued to an organization that is currently
registered with a government authority.
n The requesting entity controls the domain in the request.
n The requesting entity is associated with the organization named in
the certificate.
High Assurance Certificate — Small Business/Sole Proprietor:
Starfield Technologies will authenticate that:
n The individual named in the certificate is the individual who requested
the certificate.
n The requesting individual controls the domain in the request.
Medium Assurance (i.e., Turbo SSL) Certificate:
Starfield Technologies will authenticate that:
n The requesting entity controls the domain in the request.
A High Assurance Starfield Technologies certificate guarantees
that the entity that owns the certificate is who it claims to be and
has a legal right to use the domain from which it operates.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 5
Phishing and Pharming —
How SSL Can Help
Phishing and, recently, pharming pose constant threats to Internet
users whose sensitive information is under siege by crackers and
other cyber crooks.
An SSL certificate from Starfield Technologies can clip the wings of
Internet criminals and help prevent Internet users from being victimized by
phishing and pharming schemes when attempting to visit your Web site.
Phishing schemes – attempts to steal and exploit sensitive personal
information – typically try to trick victims into accessing fraudulent
sites that pose as legitimate, trusted entities, such as online businesses
and banks.
Because perpetrators of such attacks will be using and registering
domains that resemble those of the spoofed sites, Starfield Technologies,
through its stringent fraud-prevention measures, will detect the schemes
and deny certificate requests for suspicious domains.
More sophisticated than phishing, pharming revolves around the concept
of hijacking an Internet Service Provider’s (ISP) domain name server (DNS)
entries. When a “pharmer” succeeds in such DNS “poisoning” every
computer using that ISP for Internet access is directed to the wrong site
when the user types in a URL (e.g., http://www.ebay.com).
SSL certificate technology can help prevent pharming attacks, as well. In
essence, a “pharmer” simply will not be able to obtain an SSL certificate
from Starfield Technologies, as he/she does not control the domain for
which the certificate is requested.
By protecting your Web site with a Starfield Technologies SSL certificate
Internet users that attempt to access a site that poses as yours will
be instantly alerted that there is a problem with the supposedly
secure connection:
n No lock icon: Because CAs usually won’t issue a certificate to
fraudulent phishing or pharming sites, such sites usually do not use
SSL encryption. Internet users, therefore, are alerted by the absence
of a padlock icon in their browser’s status bar.
An SSL certificate from Starfield Technologies can
help prevent Internet users from being victimized
by phishing and pharming schemes.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 6
n Name mismatch error: A pharming site could try to use a certificate
issued by a CA for a domain owned by the attacker, but the user’s
browser will warn the user that the visited URL does not match the
certificate presented by the fake Web server.
n Untrusted CA: A pharming site might attempt to use a certificate
issued by an untrusted CA. In this case, the user’s browser will generate
the following warning: “the security certificate was issued by a company
you have not chosen to trust.”
The alert Internet user will instantly abandon his/her activities/
transactions when presented with such warnings. Thus, a Starfield
Technologies SSL certificate provides business owners and wary, savvy
Internet users with an effective weapon against phishing, pharming and
similar cyber swindles.
Phishing or pharming sites will not
be able to obtain SSL certificates
from a trusted CA.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 7
Establishing a Secure Connection —
How SSL Works
An SSL-encrypted connection is established via the SSL “handshake”
process, which transpires within seconds — transparently to the end user.
In essence, the SSL “handshake” works thus:
n When accessing an SSL-secured Web site area, the visitor’s browser
requests a secure session from the Web server.
n The server responds by sending the visitor’s browser its
server certificate.
n The browser verifies that the server’s certificate is valid, is being used
by the Web site for which it has been issued, and has been issued by a
Certificate Authority that the browser trusts.
n If the certificate is validated, the browser generates a one-time
“session” key and encrypts it with the server’s public key.
n The visitor’s browser sends the encrypted session key to the server so
that both server and browser have a copy.
n The server decrypts the session key using its private key.
n The SSL “handshake” process is complete, and an SSL connection
has been established.
n A padlock icon appears in the browser’s status bar, indicating that a
secure session is under way.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 8
Conclusion — The Key to Online Security
Demand for reliable online security is increasing. Despite booming online
sales many consumers continue to believe that shopping online is less
safe than doing so at old-fashioned brick-and-mortar stores.
The key to establishing a successful online business is to build customer
trust. Only when potential customers trust that their credit card
information and personal data is safe with your business, will they
consider making purchases on the Internet.
A Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate provides a convenient, costeffective
and reliable means to secure your business’s online transactions.
Once installed on your business’ Web site the certificate will safeguard
sensitive data by securing online transactions with up to 256-bit
SSL encryption.
With a Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate your customers will know
that they can trust your business.
Applying a Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate to your online business
today will secure your online sales.
With a Starfield Technologies SSL Certificate your customers
will know that they can trust your business.
Starfield Technologies Secure Certificate Services 9

Click Here to Buy a Security Web Certificate for 27.95 per year!

Click Here to Download reasons why you should install a Vaild Web Sercurity Certificate

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